Liberty County Estate Inventory & Division – Thomas Mallard

Location: Liberty County, Georgia
Deceased: Thomas Mallard
Date Sworn: 1861-10-08

These antebellum estate inventories and appraisals generally included all the deceased person’s “property,” including enslaved persons. Only those names are documented here for historical and genealogical purposes. Anyone interested in the actual property owned by the deceased may find it at the link at the bottom of the page.  Names are listed in the original order, as this often gives very valuable information about family groupings or the age of children (who may be listed in age order).


Location: Liberty County, Georgia
Deceased: Thomas Mallard
Dates Sworn: 1861-10-08, 1861-12-17
Appraisers: Simon A. Fraser, W.Q. Baker, P.W. Fleming, Abial Winn, E.J. Delegal, Valentine Grest (see comments)
Estate Administrator: Thomas S. Mallard
Court Officer: John B. Mallard, J.J.C.L.C.
Date Recorded: 1862-01-04
Date Estate Divided: 1861-12-17
Total Value of Estate: $56632.20
Value of enslaved persons: $55025.00 (1st appraisal), $47200.00 (2d appraisal)

Comments: On 2 September 1861, Simon A. Fraser, W.Q. Baker, P.W. Fleming, Abial Winn and E.J. Delegal were authorized to conduct an inventory and appraisal of the goods and chattels of Thomas Mallard’s estate. The five of them swore on 8 October 1861 before John B. Mallard that they would conduct such an inventory, and on 9 October 1861 presented the inventory, which was recorded by W.P. Girardeau, the Liberty County Ordinary, on 4 January 1862. The inventory included 125 enslaved persons with a total value of $55025.00. On 17 December 1861, W.Q. Baker, P.W. Fleming, S.A. Fraser, E.J. Delegal and Valentine Grest were authorized to make an appraisement and division & distribution of Thomas Mallard’s estate. [Note that Abial Winn is missing this time, and Valentine Grest has taken his place.] The 2d appraisal included 115 enslaved people for a total value of $47200.00.

The following people were listed in the 1st appraisal but not the 2d. The ones with an asterisk by their names were named in Thomas Mallard’s will: Bob, Windsor*, Willoughby*, James*, Pompey*, Henrietta*, Peggy, Joe, Daniel*, Tirah (or Tyrah)*, Drusilla*, Ellen, Mary*, Hurcules*, Stepney*.

The valuation of two individuals changed between the two appraisals: Abram, from $750 to $600, and Edward, from $600 to $550. In addition, Bartholomew was listed in the estate division, but not in either of the appraisals. There were also two unnamed infants listed in the 1st appraisal;  in the 2d appraisal one was still listed as “infant” and the second was now listed as Mary, an infant. Mary the infant (based on valuation) is listed in the division, and there is also a 3d infant now listed in the division (perhaps a newborn?).

Also note that there are two Bob’s, both valued at $750, listed in both appraisals. One is said to be 25 years old; the age of the other is not listed. However, only one Bob is listed in the division, in lot 5, so it is impossible to know which Bob that was. I have arbitrarily assigned lot 5 to the 25-year-old Bob.

During the division, the estate was divided into 10 lots, and money was exchanged among the heirs to make each lot come out equal in value. The following list has the names of the winners of each lot:

Lot 1 was drawn by L.L. Varnedoe (value $4775)
Lot 2 was drawn for Miss Louisa Mallard (value $4550)
Lot 3 was drawn by John B. Mallard (value $4800)
Lot 4 was drawn for the estate of C. S. Mallard (value $4675)
Lot 5 was drawn for Mrs. R.E. Mallard (heirs of Mrs. Rebeca E. Mallard) (value $4850)
Lot 6 was drawn by L.J. Mallard (value $4725)
Lot 7 was drawn by B.A. Busbey (value$4700)
Lot 8 was drawn by Thomas J. Mallard (value $4650)
Lot 9 was drawn by Rev’d R.Q. Mallard (value $4750)
Lot 10 was drawn for Mrs. Harriet Bacon ($4720)

The list of enslaved persons below has all the individuals named in the appraisals, together with a number indicating which lot they went into. Names highlighted in yellow were named in the will; boxes in yellow highlighting in the “Lots” column represent people who were not named in the division.

Enslaved Person Named Value Desc. Lot # Comments
Joe 400 Age: 63 Driver
Henry 750 Age: 40 2
Windsor 500 Age: 36
Bob 750 Age: 25 5
Felix 750 Age: 24 9
Major 150 Age: 70 6 listed as Old Major in division
Brister 750 Age: 26 4
John 700 Age: 20 4
Caty 600 Age: 22 8
Chloe 300 Age: 50 5 alt: Cloe
Mack 750 Age: 30 7
Adam 750 Age: 19 7
William 700 Age: 18 9 Listed as Little William in division; valued at $750 in division
Peter 600 Age: 16 5
Joshua 400 Age: 12 8 listed as little Joshua in division
Harry 300 Age: 10 5 listed as Little Harry in division
Hannah (Old) 50 Age: 72 4 also listed as having $0 value
Adeline 600 Age: 18 9 alt: Adaline
Isaac 400 Age: 14 2
Hannah (Young) 600 Age: 21 4
Rachael 225 Age: 5 4 alt: Rachel
Ben 150 Age: 3 4
Phillice 250 Age: 52 10 alt: Phillis
Pender 550 Age: 25 10
Moses 650 Age: 21 9 ? Prudence
Jane 500 Age: 29 8
Thomas 300 Age: 8 8
Billy 250 Age: 6 8
Starling (Little) 150 Age: 2 8
David 200 Age: 4 8
Infant 50 Age: – 4
Rose 600 Age: 30 7
Nancy 325 Age: 12 7
Edmund 425 Age: 14 4 alt: Edmond
Susan 225 Age: 5 7
Silvey 150 Age: 2 7 alt: Silvia
Amy 50 Age: – 7 Infant
Willoughby 350 Age: 52
Ellen 600 Age: –
Chloe 600 Age: – 6
James 750 Age: 28
Edward 600 Age: 26 7 app at $550 in 2d app/division
Dublin 750 Age: 20 5
George 700 Age: 17 8 listed as Little George in division
Laurence 600 Age: 15 10
Pompey 100 Age: 59 carpenter
George (Big) 700 Age: 42 10
Tim 425 Age: 14 6 alt: Jim
Diannah 500 Age: 14 3 alt: Dianna
Easter 600 Age: – 6 alt: Ester
Eliza 350 Age: – 6
Willoughby (Little) 250 Age: – 6 alt: Little Willobey
Laura 200 Age: – 6
Fanny (Old) 50 Age: 72 6
Grace 50 Age: 53 9
Elliott 750 Age: 30 6
Henrietta 600 Age: 25
Mariah 250 Age: – 9
Josiah 200 Age: – 9
Fanny 150 Age: – 9
Luke 100 Age: – 9
Simon (Big) 700 Age: 45 4
William 700 Age: 40 2 Listed as Big William in division
Josiah 400 Age: 40
Nanny (Old) 50 Age: 75 5
Milley 300 Age: 50 5 alt: Molley
Starling 750 Age: 26 8
Nanny (Young) 600 Age: 20
Plymouth 750 Age: 18 10
Simon (Little) 600 Age: 16 9
Andrew 550 Age: 45 1
Tenah (Big) 350 Age: 50 3 listed as Old Tena in division
Booby 750 Age: 30 1
Ceasar 750 Age: 28 8 alt: Caesar
Abram 750 Age: 26 6 $600 in 2d appraisal/division
Pompey 750 Age: 24 3 listed a Y. Pompey in division
Margaret 500 Age: – 3 listed as Big Margaret in division
Negah 600 Age: – 3 alt: Negar
July 600 Age: – 3
Henry 450 Age: – 3 listed as Little Henry in division
Farmer 400 Age: – 3
Jack (Little) 150 Age: – 5
Toney 700 Age: 35
Peggy 500 Age: 33
Rosey 600 Age: – 4
Joe 450 Age: 14 2
Walker 400 Age: – 2
Margaret 350 Age: – 2 listed as little Margaret in division
Lancaster 300 Age: – 2
Benjamin 200 Age: – 2
Simeon 200 Age: – 2
Albert 125 Age: – 2
Judson 75 Age: – 2
Livia 375 Age: – 10
Stepney 450 Age: 55
Tenah 400 Age: 42 10 listed as Young Tenah in division
Jane 600 Age: – 7 division says “Tena Jane”
Patty 600 Age: – 2
Ben 650 Age: – 9
Binah 550 Age: – 10 listed as Young Binah in division
Ned 250 Age: – 10
Milley 200 Age: – 10 alt: Molley
Infant 50 Age: – 8 2d infant listed only in division
Daniel 750 Age: –
Billy 600 Age: 50 1
Betsey 600 Age: 20 1
Rachael 125 Age: 3
Tirah 600 Age: 26 Alt: Tyrah
Peter 200 Age: 4 1
Charley 300 Age: 9 1
Nancey 250 Age: – 1 alt: Nancy
Dick 750 Age: 25 6 listed as Little Dick in division
Drusilla 600 Age: –
Ellen 175 Age: – 4
Washington 175 Age: – 4
Amanda 125 Age: – 4
Dick 650 Age: 45 4 listed as Big Dick in division
Mary 600 Age: –
Matilda 400 Age: – 3
Simeon 250 Age: – 3 alt: Simon
Venus (Old) 100 Age: 68 1
Hurcules 750 Age: – alt: Hercules
Bob 750 Age: –
Amanda 600 Age: – 1
James 75 Age: – 1
Bartholomew 750 Age: – 1 not listed in either appraisal
Joshua 400 Age: 40 5
Mary 100 Age: – 10 listed as infant in 1st app

Find the digitized original at: “Georgia Probate Records, 1742-1990,” images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L93T-XYB3?cc=1999178&wc=9SB7-6T5%3A267679901%2C268014801 : 20 May 2014), Liberty > Miscellaneous probate records 1850-1863 vol C and L > image 266 of 703; county probate courthouses, Georgia.

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